West Bengal, Telangana and Gujarat Top 3 States Buying ‘Dirty’ Coal-based Power: CSE
West Bengal gets 84 percent of its thermal power from coal-based plants that are yet to comply with sulphur dioxide emission norms alerted by the Environment Ministry, the maximum by any state in the nation, according to a study performed by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
Telangana (74 percent) and Gujarat (71 percent) are also among the 9 significant defaulting states. On an average, 33 states and Union territories in the country get 58 percent thermal power from unclean coal-fired power plants, it said.
In its assessment, the CSE ranked the states and Union territories (UTs) based upon how much electricity they obtain from dirty coal-fired power plants. “‘ Unclean’ coal-fired power plants are those which have actually not made any development to abide by the emission norms up until now. Those who have actually awarded work to satisfy the standards have actually been thought about under the ‘cleaner’ coal-fired stations, Soundaram Ramanathan, deputy program manager, industrial pollution system, CSE, said.
The ministry had notified emission norms for particle matter, sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen in2015 These needed to be abided by power stations in2017 Nine states– West Bengal, Telangana, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Tamil Nadu– are the significant defaulters based on the research study. On an average, these states have been procuring around 60 percent of their thermal power from dirty coal-fired stations, the CSE report stated.
Nivit Kumar Yadav, programme director, commercial contamination, CSE, stated, Coal-fired power stations produce three significant pollutants– particulate matter, oxides of nitrogen, and sulphur dioxide. Power stations have been specifically dragging in their compliance with the sulphur dioxide standards. Therefore, in this research study, the scientists have actually thought about the development made by stations to satisfy the sulphur dioxide norm as a measuring scale to identify the ‘dirtiest’ power.
The study comes at a time when the Ministry of Power is pressing the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Modification to dilute or further delay the application of sulphur dioxide standards, Ramanathan claimed. India’ spresent set up power capability( till November 30, 2020) is 374 gigawatts (GW). Of this, coal and lignite represent 205.8 GW (55 percent). Sustainable sources of energy, consisting of solar, wind, and biomass, contribute about 90 GW.
Of around 162 GW of coal power capacity, for which information is offered on the site of the Ministry of Power, 58 percent on an average originates from ‘unclean’ coal-based power plants, Ramanathan stated. According to the research study, inWest Bengal, 84 percent of the thermal power comes from “dirty” coal-based power plants far away from fulfilling the sulphur dioxide norms.
In Telangana, this figure is 74 per cent. It is 71 percent inGujarat. The research study also discovered that in 3 of the 9 states– Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu dirty power stations was among the key sources of ambient air pollution in non-attainment cities.
In the staying three states– Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh dirty power stations lie in clusters, and are not making enough efforts to abide by the standards, it stated.
Only 13 states/UTs (out of 33) are sourcing 100 percent of their requirements from clean coal-based power stations. These are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, the CSE said. Delhi and Goaare also extremely close in terms of acquiring the clean power– only 5-8 per cent of their electrical energy comes from dirty sources.
Of the nine states purchasing maximum unclean power, only Gujarat and West Bengal have the complete authority to keep an eye on the stations as these lie within their state borders. The rest of the states have double accountability of cleaning up both their own stations along with ensuring stations providing to them from other states are clean.
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